According to the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, the second most common red flag is financial difficulties of individuals involved in financial matters of an organization. The occurrence rate of 36% consists of reported frauds at all levels of the organizations victimized. However, if we look solely at frauds committed at the employee level (disregarding frauds committed by managers) the rate soars to almost 50% of all fraud cases.
This makes sense because employees receive lower compensation compared to the management level. When unexpected financial events occur, they are less likely to have a “rainy-day fund” set aside to get them through. This can lead to poor judgment in several areas, the first of which is usually excessive use of credit cards. When these individuals find it difficult to climb out of their debt problem and they might focus on other areas of relief, one of which is their employer’s money.
Once again, I must stress that the presence of these circumstances is proof of nothing, but organizations must keep in mind that personal financial difficulties are a common denominator in a great many fraud occurrences. But, how can a church leader address this possibility? Here are three thoughts.
- In addition to performing the normal background check, a church might consider performing annual credit checks on employees involved in the financial activity of the church. It is not too much of a stretch to say that if you hire someone with a poor credit history, you have hired their problems as well. Keep in mind, that credit checks generally require the employee’s permission
- Provide financial counseling for employees. This is another way to discover if any employees are struggling with finances. But it also helps the church relieve some of the pressure an employee may be experiencing by providing a way out of their dilemma.
- Finally, and most importantly, you must close down the opportunity of fraud. In most of the church fraud cases I have read, the most common characteristic is terrible segregation of duties. Often, one person is in charge of all of the church’s financial tasks. When you combine these two ingredients: financial troubles and total control of a church’s financial activities….
Well, you can guess the rest.